Plenty of research and exploration is being made in the field of Astronomy and the countries which are progressing in Astronomical researchers and space discovery are sending different types of satellites, rockets and space shuttles for extracting lots of useful information about outer space. Space science and technology has grown leaps and bounds over the years and in the recent past it has seen lots of advancement.
Both western and eastern countries are sending advanced rockets and satellites and are also sending robots and advanced machines to mars, Venus and even farthest areas of space. Several countries like the USA, UK and the Soviet Union which were in the forefront of astronomy decided to sign an interesting law namely outer space law treaty during the month of January in the year 1967 and came into force in the month of October 1967.
This wonderful treaty states that countries which are actively taking part in space research and exploration should not use space for missile testing, weapons of mass destruction and other dangerous purposes that put the life of the human beings on the earth in peril. This law also states that space exploration should be done only for the benefit of all the countries and people.
The treaty further states that a country will be responsible for any damage in the space or to human beings that are caused by objects falling from the space machines. It also stats that no governing body will have the right to occupy or to claim anything that belongs to the outer space like the moon or the planetary system. Initially, this treaty was called as ‘Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and other Celestial bodies’.
THE INTERNATIONAL LAW WHICH IS FOLLOWED STRICTLY EVEN NOW:
The main intention of bringing this law into force was that there should not be national and international boundaries in space exploration and every country will have the complete freedom to explore space. After it was bought into force during October 1967, other countries slowly started signing this important treaty which created the big impact in the world and in the minds of scientists and explorers.
As of July 2017, 107 countries are parties to this important treaty, while another 23 countries have signed but have not completed ratification. Some of the important developing countries which signed this treaty are India, Iceland, Italy, Jamaica, Israel, Japan, Norway, Paraguay and Poland.
Several countries are coming forward to sign this outer space law treaty and the count has increased gradually in the coming years. Countries which have signed this treaty till date have taken the important resolution that they will not place weapons of mass destruction on the moon, satellite and other objects that are orbiting the earth and till date, they follow all the rules properly.
Treaty states that no individual has the right to play offensive or terrorizing roles while using space objects or satellites. This binding law which came into force several decades back is gaining maximum momentum and popularity. This treaty which created positive waves throughout the world was amended and ratified several times. It is worth to note that outer space treaty was adopted by the UN General Assembly in resolution 2222 (XXI)
Article by Abhirami.