The transistors that powered computing for 50 years followed Moore’s law of shrinking size and increasing configuration, is losing relevance. Several Silicon Valley giants are now venturing into new avenues of breakthrough technologies that can be compatible with the gargantuan software and hardware requirement for the future.
At the 4th annual International Conference on Quantum Technologies in Moscow, the world’s physics Titans assembled to discuss harnessing the futuristic Quantum technology. Prognostications that claim quantum computing can eliminate complexities bringing absolute optimization, revamp the medicine era, and accelerate artificial intelligence, makes it even more exciting.
Data is more important to humans than humanity itself. The burgeoning population will soar the demand for great digital participation. A report by Semiconductor Industry Association claims that at the present pace of energy generation, we might not be able to provide power to all our machines by 2040. This indicates the need for a groundbreaking technology. Classical computing stores information in binaries using a bit. On the other hand, quantum computing uses ‘qubits’ which are a quantum system with two states. It can store much more information than ‘0’ or ‘1’ as it can sustain superimposition of these values. Two main features, quantum superposition, and entanglement generate tremendous computing power.
Scientists at NASA had teamed up with Google, and claim to have found a D-Wave quantum computer which was 100 times faster than the conventional one. This is indeed startling. IBM too has set up a special Quantum division to develop computers based on this technology that can be commercially sold. Researchers have claimed to have guided electrons through semiconductors by using extremely short configurable pulses of light than increase computational speed up to 100,000 times. Another incredible benefit is that quantum cryptography protocol is unbreakable. The best part of this physical phenomenon is that quantum data cannot be read without being changed. This would be a sigh of relief in the backdrop of uncontrollable cyber espionage.
Some other radical transformations that quantum computing could possibly bring can be implausible. Lockheed Martin is already trying D-wave computing for its software gets too complicated for classical computers. This can make jets safer. Analysis of colossal data from far-fetched part of the universe can help discover new heavenly bodies. Advertisements can get hyper-personalized, accentuating consumption. In the field of medical science, early detection of cancer can solve mankind’s biggest predicament. Precision forecasting can assist against the obnoxious climate-change. There will be progressive sophistication in every field and that up-heralds a new beginning altogether.
Future devices of quantum scale can include high-sensitivity accelerometers, gravimeters, and magnetometers for navigation and geological exploration, single-electron transistors, quantum-engineered solar cells and many such unpredictable applications. Physicists across the world have themselves not been able to fathom the unprecedented reality quantum technology can bring.
Article by mausam