Not a few years back in Copenhagen, at the Conference of Parties meeting by UNFCCC proved to be an epitome of disastrous diplomacy and international cooperation. Climate agreement such as Kyoto Protocol was sluggish in its execution given the harsh measures sanctioned mostly against the rich nations club. At the junction of United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, developed and developing countries are supposed to negotiate a deal to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Gathering more determination and strategy, world leaders met again in Paris in December 2015 for COP21, and this time there was a seismic shift in approach with each country submitting their own Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), the commitment to protect planet earth from catastrophic climate upheaval finally received a unanimous support. Around 195 nations passed the resolution unanimously and there was euphoria among the world community.
Before even the implementation could begin with full pace and accountability, the new President of the United States Donald Trump announced withdrawal from the historic Paris Climate Agreement. The world was shocked and appalled at this inconsiderate and retrograde step. Most leaders condemned this step and were visibly disappointed. This prompted massive demonstrations and protests worldwide. Several international and multilateral organizations joined hands with other participating countries to keep the mission of reducing global warming alive and operational. Some of the biggest emitters like China and India upped the ante over bagging the leadership role in the proliferation of renewable sources of energy and environmental protection. France being the host of the COP21 had some additional responsibility and moral conscience that prompted President Emmanuel Macron to convene another Climate Summit in 2017.
Climate change is an irreversible phenomenon of rising temperatures on earth and depletion of natural resources. This causes melting ice caps, rising sea levels, thinning ozone protection layer of the stratosphere, bizarre weather conditions, natural calamities and unprecedented damage to the ecology. Scientists and researchers are worried over the fast pace of transformational changes in the climate of earth that can prove to be cataclysmic by the end of this century. This requires immediate intervention and unrelenting financial commitment for the same. To this date, 160 nations have ratified the Paris Accord and this is an encouraging sign.
Some key information about the Paris Climate Summit 2017:
- Just after the COP23 UNFCCC meeting in Bonn, Germany in November 2017, another major climate event is set to be held in Paris. It has been declared by French President Emmanuel Macron. He is apparently adamant at changing Donald Trump’s mind and is working for reversal of his withdrawal.
- This summit comes in the backdrop of the apprehension that the Paris Accord would get weakened, and hence it would take forward the agenda of Climate Change negotiations into the state of implementation.
- The new action would include talks regarding mobilization of public and private finances, for the full-fledged adoption of the Convention.
- Anthropogenic factors responsible for climate change have to be curbed or slowed down, developed countries must unhesitatingly transfer technology to the less developed ones, fossil fuel utilization must be decelerated, and promotion of renewable sources of energy must be undertaken in a mission mode.
- Funds have to pour into the Global Climate Fund that has been stipulated to be around $100 billion.
- Donald Trump is treading on an isolationist path with protectionist, anti-globalization, and climate-change denying policies. Such rhetoric must not jeopardize the genuine endeavor of saving the planet.
Climate change is not a faux conspiracy theory. It is real and staring death in the face of the earth. World leaders do not have enough time and leeway for retreat or delay. Time is running out and action has to be taken now.
Article by Mausam.